Read How to Read a Book PDF - The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading by Mortimer J. Adler Touchstone | With half a million copies in print. Adler, Mortimer J. and Van Doren, Charles. How to Read a Book: The Classic. Guide to Intelligent Reading, rev. ed. (New York: Touchstone/Simon & Schuster. Adler, Charles Van Doren: cavosboig.site: Books. Skip to main content.
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- How to Read a Book: The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading
Adler and Charles van Doren. Read the full comprehensive summary at Shortform. Do you want to understand books better, and remember more of what you read? How to Read a Book is the classic guide to reading effectively.
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It teaches how to understand the crux of a book within 15 minutes, how to analyze a book intelligently, and how to synthesize multiple books together. If you read a lot of books, then it makes sense to learn how to read better and increase the value of your reading.
Not only should you aim to understand what is being said, you should develop a personal opinion about its validity. Reading a book is like a conversation. There is no book so good that no fault can be found with it.
Book Summary: Learn the key points in minutes.
Your job is to determine which of her problems the author has solved, which she has not, and decide if the author knew she had failed to solve them. Perhaps the most challenging of all types of reading is syntopical reading, which applies the analytical skills across a multitude of texts. Syntopical reading aims to compare books and authors to one another, to model dialogues between authors that may not be in any one of the books. The ultimate aim is to understand all the conflicting viewpoints relating to a subject.
Unlock the full book summary of How to Read a Book by signing up for Shortform. The best books challenge your reading ability and force you to grow as a reader. To be well-read is not to have read a large quantity of books, but to have a high-quality understanding of good books.
However, after a point, reading faster necessarily trades off with comprehension. More critical than speed reading is being able to modulate your reading speed dynamically. Read certain types of texts fiction faster than others science textbooks. Within a text, read key points more slowly than fluff.
This will make you miss the forest for the trees. When starting a book, figure out what genre of book it is. This prepares you to customize your engagement with the particular type of text. This is the best summary of How to Read a Book I've ever read.
I learned all the main points in just 20 minutes. Well-written books guide the reader to comprehend their arguments using signposts, such as keywords and important sentences.
How to read a book
Keywords are meaningful words or phrases that are used often and convey a wealth of information. Understand the keywords of the author, and what is meant by them. Most of the principles so far apply to expository writing, where the aim is to convey information or lead to action. The goal of imaginative literature is different: to convey an experience. Allow it to move you. We're the most efficient way to learn the most useful ideas from a book.
Ever feel a book rambles on, giving anecdotes that aren't useful? Often get frustrated by an author who doesn't get to the point? We cut out the fluff, keeping only the most useful examples and ideas. We also re-organize books for clarity, putting the most important principles first, so you can learn faster.
Other summaries give you just a highlight of some of the ideas in a book. We find these too vague to be satisfying. At Shortform, we want to cover every point worth knowing in the book. Learn nuances, key examples, and critical details on how to apply the ideas.
the art of getting a liberal education
You want different levels of detail at different times. That's why every book is summarized in three lengths:. Book Rating by Shortform Readers: 4. Not a valid email address. Thumb through the book, listening for the basic pulse of the book.
Shortform suggestion: also try reading the top Amazon reviews of the book, or scanning through our summary of a book. Analytical Reading The aim of analytical reading is to gain the best understanding of the book in unlimited time. Analytical Reading consists of four components: Understand the author - her intentions, problems, and goals. Understand what the book says, through its logical arguments. Define the keywords.
Find the most important sentences. Use external resources like dictionaries and reviewsonly after you struggle through it yourself first. After you understand a book, criticize a book from your own viewpoint, finding areas you agree and disagree.
Criticizing a Book Reading a book is like a conversation. If you disagree with the author, your criticism must fit into a set of categories: The author is uninformed : lacks knowledge that is relevant to the argument. Darwin lacked knowledge of later Mendelian genetics.
An author ignores the relevant work of predecessors. Aristotle was misinformed about how females participate in animal reproduction, and thus came to unsupportable conclusions about procreation. The author is illogical : commits some logical fallacy. Non sequitur: the conclusion simply does not follow from the reasons offered.
As there cannot be good laws where the state is not well armed, it follows that where they are well armed they have good laws. Inconsistency: two things the author has tried to say are incompatible. Syntopical Reading Perhaps the most challenging of all types of reading is syntopical reading, which applies the analytical skills across a multitude of texts. The major steps of Syntopical Reading are: Create a total bibliography of works that may be relevant to your subject.
Inspect all of the books on your bibliography to decide which are relevant to your subject, and to better define the subject. As you research, you may find that your subject is more difficult to define than you imagined. Imagine love, which has been attributed to everything in the universe.
Are you looking at love for men, women, parents, children, mankind, money, animals, wine, football? Find the most relevant passages within the bibliography.
Read the book quickly. You are reading it for your ultimate purpose, not for its own sake.
Bring the authors to terms with each other. Authors in different fields may use entirely different terms that mean the same thing, and the same terms in different fields may mean entirely different things. This is in some sense like translating Latin to French, or making Aristotle talk to Nietzsche. Frame a set of questions to which most of the authors can be interpreted as giving answers. Define the issues by ranging the opposing answers of authors. Order the questions and issues to throw maximum light on the subject.
Want to learn the rest of How to Read a Book in 21 minutes? Interactive exercises: apply the book's ideas to your own life with our educators' guidance. Here the content is initially better than the reader. It might throw light on all the facts she already knows. You become enlightened not just to what is the case, but why it is the case, and its connection with other facts.
How to Read a Book: The Classic Guide to Intelligent Reading
The second type of reading expands your understanding and increases your reading skills. Most people are not taught how to read beyond elementary school. That is, courses no longer teach how to learn more effectively by reading. This book aims to bridge this gap. Today media is packaged to make thinking unnecessary.
We are inundated with facts to the detriment of understanding.
The author bemoans the way Shakespeare is taught - students never really read Shakespeare. Categorizing a Book When starting a book, figure out what genre of book it is. The broad categorizations of genres are: Fiction vs Expository Expository books convey knowledge - opinions, Find What the Book Says Here you comprehend what the book is actually saying, and how the author answers her questions.
Keywords Keywords are meaningful words or phrases that are used often and convey a wealth of information. The same word can mean different things to different authors. Different words can mean the same thing for the same author. Find the meaning of the word through context.
Clues that a word is important: The author quarrels with other writers about it. You struggle to understand it. The important sentences are the ones that express the judgments on which the argument rests.