The odyssey book 11 pdf

odyssey pdf the book 11

Chapter Summary for Homer's The Odyssey, book 11 summary. I could not give the whole “Odyssey” in that book without making it unwieldy, I therefore. book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10 book 11 book 12 book 13 book 14 book 15 book 16 book 17 book 18 book 19 book. Need help with Book 11 in Homer's The Odyssey? Check out our revolutionary The Next Odysseus talked to Achilles.

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odyssey book pdf the 11

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The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play. LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Sign In Sign Up. The Odyssey by Homer. Download this LitChart!

11 the pdf book odyssey

Teachers and parents! Struggling with distance learning? Our Teacher Edition on The Odyssey can help. Themes All Themes.

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Theme Wheel. Themes and Colors Key. LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Odysseywhich you can use to track the themes throughout the work.

Odysseus continues telling his tale to Alcinous and the Phaeacians.

When he and his men reached the entrance to the world of the dead, they did exactly as Circe said: they dug a trench, offered libations, and sacrificed a ewe and a ram. Thousands of ghosts appeared when the blood started flowing.

The first ghost that approached them was Elpenor. He asked Odysseus to bury him and grieve for him properly when the crew returned to Aeaea, and Odysseus gladly agreed. The next ghost was AnticleiaOdysseus's mother, but Odysseus did not let even her approach the blood.


Even ghosts in the land of the dead concern themselves with earthly custom: Elpenor cares above all that he receive proper burial rites.

When Odysseus meets the ghost of his mother, we see the degree to which he is willing to sacrifice personal feeling to prudence and piety: he holds his own mother at bay in order to follow Circe's instructions. Active Themes. Piety, Customs, and Justice. Finally Tiresias appeared. Once he drank the blood of the slaughtered animals, he told Odysseus that his journey home would be full of trouble: Odysseus had angered Poseidon by blinding Poseidon's son, the Cyclops Polyphemus.

The men will reach home, said Tiresias, if they leave the Cattle of the Sun unharmed. If they kill the cattle, Odysseus will come home alone. But before settling down in peace, he will have to make one more voyage to a land far away from any sea and make sacrifices to appease Poseidon. Only then will his long travels come to an end.


In Tiresias's prophecy, we see a certain logic in divine justice: the men have harmed something dear to the gods, so to save themselves they must refrain from harming something else dear to the gods the Cattleno matter the cost. And yet now the Odysseus and his men's fate has been told clearly, so is what happens to fulfill the prophecy fate or free will?

Fate, the Gods, and Free Will. Related Quotes with Explanations. Odysseus asked Tiresias how to speak to the ghost of his mother, and Tiresias explained that a ghost would speak only if it drank the animals' blood.

Odysseus let his mother drink the blood, and suddenly she recognized him. She told him that Penelope still grieved and waited for him, that his estate was still in Telemachus's hands, and that his father lived in poverty and solitude. She herself died of grief and longing for Odysseus. He tried to put his arms around her, but each time she dissolved at his touch. At this point Odysseus concludes his tale. It is late, and he asks the court again for passage home.

The king and queen promise him many fine gifts if he stays on a little longer and ask him to describe the soldiers and heroes he met in the land of the dead. In the conversation with his mother, Odysseus must fully face the tragic consequences of his absence: while he has been seeking glory and adventure, his family has suffered a great deal.

Throughout Odysseus's journey, we observe his desire for glory slowly give way to his desire for home; his encounter with his mother tips the scale toward home. We have seen him take responsibility for his soldiers, but we will soon see him shift that sense of responsibility to his family. His central value changes from glory to honor. Memory and Grief. Odysseus describes the conversation he had with Agamemnon.

The ghost discussed his wife's infidelity; he told Odysseus that her lover Aegisthus murdered him and his comrades right at the dinner table. His wife's behavior, he said, stained all women everywhere.

He advised Odysseus to keep some things hidden from his wife, and to arrive home in secret. Talking to his mother makes Odysseus long for home and family, but talking to Agamemnon makes him wary of that home. Though Odysseus loves his family, he must treat them with suspicion: he must employ cunning in dealing with friends and enemies both. One must always keep oneself partially hidden.

Odyssey Book 11 Excerpts.pdf

Cunning, Disguise, and Self-Restraint. Download it! Next Odysseus talked to Achilleswho said that he would rather be a slave on earth than a king in the land of the dead. Odysseus told him that his sonacted very bravely and killed many men, which pleased Achilles. Then the shades swarmed violently around him, wanting to talk to him.

The Odyssey

He ran back in fear to his ship, and they set sail. Achilles is a king in the underworld because of the glory he achieved while alive. But, now dead, he would throw away all that glory just to be alive. Like Menelaus, he has come to value glory less and less. He is still pleased to hear of his son's glory in battle, though; he can't give up glory entirely.

Glory and Honor. Cite This Page. MLA Chicago.

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book 11 pdf the odyssey

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3 thoughts on “The odyssey book 11 pdf”

  1. THE ODYSSEY BOOK 11, TRANSLATED BY A. T. MURRAY. [1] “But when we had come down to the ship and to the sea, first of all we drew the ship down to the.

  2. [Odysseus continues his narrative: Odysseus and his men sail to Oceanus, land there, and make a sacrifice; the shades of the dead come up out of the hole;.

  3. ODYSSEY. Translation by BOOK ELEVEN: ODYSSEUS MEETS THE SHADES OF THE DEAD. This text has been moved to the following site: Odyssey, Book


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